Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) is the second most commonly grown species of millet after pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum). It has a long history of cultivation in East Asian countries mainly China, where it has been grown since the sixth millennium BC. At present, it is grown for food and feed. In the USA it is mainly preferred for high quality hay.
In Nepal it is used as a food grain and is cultivated in high hills and mid hills mainly in the districts of the Karnali zone. Known as kaguno in Nepali, foxtail millet used to be common in other parts of the country as well including Kaski and Lamjung.